Know About Islam

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ISLAM - THE ONLY SOLUTION TO HUMANITY


Pillars of Islam and Articles of faith
5 PILLARS OF ISLAM Shahadah: Profession of faith ?alat: Prayers Zakah: Paying of alms (giving to the poor) ?awm: Fasting during Ramadan Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca SIX ARTCLES OF BELIEF Tawhid, Oneness Prophets and Messengers in Islam Islamic holy books Angels The Last Judgment Predestination PRINCIPLES OF THE RELIGION Tawhid: Oneness Adalah: Justice Nubuwwah: Prophethood Imamah: Leadership Qiyamah:Day of Judgment Jihad: (Striving in the way of Allah)- to struggle, strive in the way of Allah. PRACTICES OF THE RELIGION ?alat - Prayers ?awm - Fasting during Ramadan Hajj - Pilgrimage to Mecca Zakah - Tithes - See details at Zakat page Jihad: (Striving in the way of Allah)- to struggle, strive in the way of Allah.
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EXPLANATION OF BASIC TENETS

1. Shahadah (Profession of faith): It means professing one-ness of Allah and accepting Prophet Muhammad (SAW) as his messenger to humanity. Professing one-ness of Allah and accepting Prophet Muhammad (SAW) as God's final messenger to humanity is done by saying and proclaiming the following in Arabic: “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad (SAW) is his messenger 2. Salah (Prayers): The second pillar of Islam is Salat, the requirement to pray 5 times a day at fixed times during the day.[3] The time of day to pray are at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and night. Each salat is performed facing towards the Kaaba in Mecca. Salat is intended to focus the mind on Allah; it is seen as a personal communication with Allah, expressing gratitude and worship. According to the Qur'an, the benefit of prayer “restrains [one] from shameful and evil deeds 3. Zakat - Paying of alms (giving to the poor): Zakat or alms-giving, is the practice of charitable giving by Muslims based on accumulated wealth, and is obligatory for all who are able to do so. It is considered to be a personal responsibility for Muslims to ease economic hardship for others and eliminate inequality. Zakat consists of spending 2.5% of one's wealth for the benefit of the poor or needy, including slaves, debtors and travellers. A Muslim may also donate more as an act of voluntary charity (sadaqah), in order to achieve additional divine reward. There are two main types of Zakat. First, there is the kajj, which is a fixed amount based on the cost of food that is paid during the month of Ramadan by the head of a family for himself and his dependents. Second, there is the Zakat on wealth, which covers money made in business, savings, income, and so on. In current usage Zakat is treated as a 2.5% levy on most valuables and savings held for a full lunar year, as long as the total value is more than a basic minimum known as nisab (three ounces or 87.48g of gold). As of 20 September 2008, nisab is approximately US$2,640 or an equivalent amount in any other currency. 4. Sawm during Ramadan (Fasting during Ramadan): Three types of fasting (Sawm) are recognized by the Qur'an: Ritual fasting, fasting as compensation or repentance and voluntary (Nafil) fasting. Ritual fasting is an obligatory act during the month of Ramadan. Muslims must abstain from food, drink, and sexual intercourse from dawn to dusk during this month, and are to be especially mindful of other sins. The fast is meant to allow Muslims to seek nearness to Allah, to express their gratitude to and dependence on him, to atone for their past sins, and to remind them of the needy. During Ramadan, Muslims are also expected to put more effort into following the teachings of Islam by refraining from violence, anger, envy, greed, lust, harsh language, gossip and to try to get along with people better than normal. In addition, all obscene and irreligious sights and sounds are to be avoided. Fasting during Ramadan is obligatory, but is not obligatory in some cases, for several groups for whom it would be dangerous or excessively problematic. These include pre-pubescent children, those with a medical condition such as diabetes, elderly people, and pregnant or breastfeeding women. Observing fasts is not permitted for menstruating women. Other individuals for whom it is considered acceptable not to fast are those who are ill or travelling. Missing fasts usually must be made up soon afterwards, although the exact requirements vary according to circumstance Many Muslims break their fast with a date because it is claimed Muhammed broke his fast with a date. NOTE: Shia sect believe in addition to Jihad, Walayah is also a Pillar of Islam - Walayah “Guardianship” denotes love and devotion to God, the prophets, the imam and the du?at "missionaries". In Isma?ili doctrine, God is the true desire of every soul, and he manifests himself in the forms of prophets and imams; the appointed du?at lead believers to the right path. The Druze refer to this pillar as Taslim "Submission".

The Hajj is a pilgrimage that occurs during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah to the holy city of Mecca, and derives from an ancient Arab practice. Every able-bodied Muslim is obliged to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if they can afford it. When the pilgrim is around ten kilometers from Mecca, he must dress in Ihram clothing, which consists of two white sheets. Both men and women are required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca, as the Hajj is mandatory for both males and females. After a Muslim makes the trip to Mecca, he/she is known as a hajj/hajja( one who made the pilgrimage to Mecca). The main rituals of the Hajj include walking seven times around the Kaaba, touching the Black Stone, traveling seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah, and symbolically stoning the Devil in Mina. The pilgrim, or the Haji, is honoured in their community. For some, this is an incentive to perform the Hajj. Islamic teachers say that the Hajj should be an expression of devotion to Allah, not a means to gain social standing. The believer should be self-aware and examine their intentions in performing the pilgrimage. This should lead to constant striving for self-improvement. A pilgrimage made at any time other than the Hajj season is called an Umrah, and while not mandatory is strongly encouraged. See the scientific explanation of Prostration at Prostration, a PP file 6. Jihad (It is practicized to achieve the objectives of 5 pillars. Majority accept only 5 Pillars) : Jihad (Arabic: ????? IPA: [??hæ?d]), an Islamic term, is a religious duty of Muslims. In Arabic, the word jihad is a noun meaning "struggle." Jihad appears frequently in the Qur'an and common usage as the idiomatic expression "striving in the way of Allah (al-jihad fi sabil Allah)".[1][2] A person engaged in jihad is called a mujahid, the plural is mujahideen. Jihad requires Muslims to "struggle in the way of God" or "to struggle to improve one's self and/or society. Jihad is directed against Satan's inducements, aspects of one's own self, or against a visible enemy. The four major categories of jihad that are recognized are Jihad against one's self (Jihad al-Nafs), Jihad of the tongue (Jihad al-lisan), Jihad of the hand (Jihad al-yad), and Jihad of the sword./span> Jihad is a term for struggle, or pursuit of a good cause. It can connote the whole range of effort necessary to promote Islam in both personal and social life. Moreover even when it refers to military matters, it need not primarily be offensive. The more ordinary reason for going to war, in the Muslim view of past history, was opposition that would have denied Muslims the chance to practice or spread the faith of Islam. Within Islamic belief, Muhammad (SWAS) is said to have regarded the inner struggle for faith the "greater jihad", OOne famous hadith has the prophet saying: "We have returned from the lesser jihad (battle) to the greater jihad (jihad of the soul)."[9] Muslim scholar Mahmoud Ayoub states that "The goal of true jihad is to attain a harmony between islam (submission), iman (faith), and ihsan (righteous living)."[10] Greater jihad can be compared to the struggle that Christians refer to as "resisting sin", i.e. fighting temptation, doubt, disbelief, or detraction. The greater jihad is about holding fast against any ideas and practices that run contrary to the Muhammad's revelations (Qur'an), sayings (Hadith) and the examples set by how he lived his life (Sunnah). This concept of jihad has does not correspond to any military action.The primary aim of jihad as warfare is not the conversion of non-Muslims to Islam by force, but rather the defense of the Islamic state, the State adapted Sharia as the ideological foundation for their political institution.